Pollution due to petrol and diesel always tops the list when it comes to global warming issue in India as well as in the entire world. With the increase in population, the number of vehicles commuting on the roads is also increasing, cars being the most used vehicles in all parts of the world. Though there have been many alternatives presented to replace these cars, none of them took proper shape when it came to actual execution. When the global scenario is considered, the majority of countries still use cars which run on petrol and diesel, India being one among such countries. Indian roads are full of petrol and diesel run cars contributing towards air pollution to a great extent. However, recent news about electric cars entry into the Indian market might change the current scenario.
Electrification of transportation has always been in news keeping in mind the fact that the fossil fuels are exhaustible and non-renewable and there are not many reserves of fossil fuel left. “Rethinking Transportation 2020-2030”, a study published by the Stanford University states that cars which run on oil will vanish in a span of 8 years, and people will be left with no choice other than using electric cars or other alternatives. It also suggested that the life span of electric vehicles will be a million miles which is many times greater than the life span of oil-based cars which is two lakh miles. Tony Seba, an economist from Stanford quoted that “We are on the cusp of one of the fastest, deepest, most consequential disruptions of transportation in history. Internal combustion engine vehicles will enter a vicious cycle of increasing costs. What the cost curve says is that by 2025 all new vehicles will be electric, all new buses, all new cars, all new tractors, all new vans, anything that moves on wheels will be electric, globally."
Electric vehicles have many advantages over vehicles which run on petrol and diesel. While vehicles which run on oil have around 2000 parts with 20% energy efficiency, electric vehicles have only 20 and thus are 90% energy efficient. Furthermore, electric cars are cost-effective to purchase and also to maintain. We no longer have to buy petrol/diesel/gas which cost greater amounts when compared to electricity costs. Emissions from electric cars are also less harmful, thus reducing the ill effects on the environment and also on our health. Companies like Tesla, Volkswagen, Audi and Volvo which manufacture cars are already in the process of designing car models that work on electricity. Some sources even think that they might have even formed a mental map of cars with no internal combustion engine, which can be considered as a huge leap in the field of transportation.
Even the Indian Government has started its planning owing to promote the usage of e-vehicles by the year 2030. Industries related to petroleum, road transport and power are together working on this strategy of the government. Though the main focus of the central government is on public transport – buses, taxis and three-wheeler vehicles, this can be taken as the initial move; which might pave way for even private transport to be powered by electricity in the near future. Government officials have even got proposals from some of the state transport undertakings stating that they would like to run city buses on hybrid and electric technologies. However, there are some issues to be resolved with respect to electric transport too. Proper solutions for problems like lack of charging infrastructure, cost of vehicles being unaffordable by the common man, eco-friendly disposal of batteries etc, haven’t been formulated yet. Though the scheme has not been put into implementation, quick moves are being made to complete the plan and implement it as soon as possible.